The first traces of occupation in the territory for prehistoric horizons (late Neolithic) and protohistory (Bronze Age and Iron Age) dispersed in various parts of the current district council area. Here they will cross and Celtic Turduli on their trips to SW and NW peninsular, respectively, in proto-historic times. When the Roman legions arrived, they met with the resistance of the Lusitanian, warlike tribes living mainly livestock. The Romanization outbreak left evident marks throughout the region, a fact that is not related to the presence of Egitânia (Idanha-a-Velha), close to a large urban area, it is believed, Augustus Foundation. The considerable historical gap, just due to lack of information, since for several centuries the territory was successively occupied by Swabians, Vandals, Visigoths and Muslims, transports us to the end of the century. XII, when Sancho I consolidates its conquest from the Moors. The attack Sancho I against the Saracens is part of the broader movement of reconquest by Christians peninsular, where the various kingdoms that then called to move swiftly to the south, each looking to extend their domains and on them to recognize their rights. Following an enlargement strategy and progressive consolidation of territory, Sancho grants charter to Penamacor March 1209, his successor, Alfonso II, confirmed in 1217. Given the registered growth, Dinis felt the need to surround the village with new wall successively reinforced in later reigns . Manuel gives you new charter on 1 June 1510. political and military, the Penamacor position would be of particular relevance over several centuries in the context of relations with neighboring kingdoms, first with Leo and later Castile and Spain, and with a stage frequency of military movements, especially in acute periods of our history, as well as the restoration of the independence wars and the French invasions. More information: