The municipality of Proença-a-Nova, in the district of Castelo Branco, is located in the Center Region (NUT II) and the Pinhal Interior Sul (NUT III). It occupies an area of ​​394.9 km2 and covers six parishes: Alvito da Beira, Montes da Senhora, Peral, Proença-a-Nova, S. Pedro de Esteval and Sobreira Formosa. The county is limited to the north and northeast by the county of Castelo Branco, to the northwest by Oleiros, to the southeast by Vila Velha de Ródão, to the west by Sertã and to the south and southwest by Mação (district of Santarém).

The municipality had, in 2005, a total of 9334 inhabitants. The native or inhabitant of Proença-a-Nova is denominated proencense. It has a Mediterranean climate, with continental influences, and the summers are quite hot, with temperatures around 30 ° C and the winters, considerably cold, registering a high annual thermal amplitude.

In the hydrographic network, the channel of greater importance is the Ribeira da Pracana. The building extends over the slopes of the mountain range of Alvéolos (1084 m), standing out also the mountains of the Corgas and the mountain of S. Miguel. In the relief also stands the granite gorge of the Almourão valley and the fluvial beaches, such as that of Fróia, Sobral Fernando, Malhadal and Aldeia Ruiva.

History and Monuments The human presence in these lands goes back to the Prehistory, according to vestiges found, namely the vestiges castrejos found in the mount of São Miguel, that correspond to vestiges of a castro with walls and more than 20 dwellings. The Romans also made an important contribution to these lands. In 1242, D. Afonso III granted him a charter. Proença-a-Nova was composed only of three parishes until the beginning of the nineteenth century and only after 1884 and after the French Invasions began to develop. In the twentieth century, two other settlements, once created, Alvito da Beira and Montes da Senhora were integrated into its territory.

In terms of architectural heritage, the Malhadal Roman bridge, with five arches, stands out as an ingenious way of overcoming the rivers and streams that the Romans knew how to put into practice, and the ruins of the Roman roads that made the connection Abrantes-Idanha-a-Velha. There is also the Church of the Misericordia, from the sixteenth century, which has a chapel and seminary, and the Mother Church, rebuilt in the late twentieth century. Traditions, Legends and Curiosities The popular and cultural manifestations in the county are diverse. Of particular note are the feasts of S. Sebastião, held on January 20, that of S. Tiago Maior, on the third Sunday of August, in Santa Cruz, February 2, Our Lady of the Assumption, August 15, the Sacred Heart of Jesus, on the last Sunday in September and that of Saint Anthony, on June 13.

In handicraft, weaving products, straw chairs, sieves and sieves, weaving (patchwork blankets), smithery, tailoring, lace and embroidery are typical. Economy In the municipality the tertiary sector predominates (51.8% of the total of companies based in the county). This sector is the most important in the town and seat of the county. The secondary sector has a significant weight, comprising 44.5% of the companies located in the municipality, namely electronic industries, transformation of wood, marble, locksmithing and civil construction.

The primary sector has little importance for the county economy, as indicated by the percentage of companies located in the municipality belonging to this sector (2.4%). The agricultural area covers 6267 ha, the main crops being olive grove, family vegetable garden, temporary meadows, forage crops, grains and grains. In the region the pine predominates, which allows the extraction of pine woods and resins. In livestock farming, it is worth noting the creation of poultry, including laying and breeding hens, goats and pigs. Source: Infopedia –

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