The county of Idanha-a-Nova, Castelo Branco district, located in the North Region (NUT II) and Beira Interior Sul (NUT III). It occupies an area of ​​1416.3 km2 and covers 17 parishes: Alcafozes, Aldeia de Santa Margarida, Idanha-a-Nova, Idanha-a-Velha, Ladoeiro, Medellin, Monfortinho, Monsanto, Oledo, Penha Garcia, Proenca-a-Velha , Rosmaninhal, Salvaterra do Extremo, São Miguel de Acha, Safe, Toulões and Zebreira.

The county is bordered to the north by Penamacor municipality, northwest by Fundão, south and east by Spain and on the west by Castelo Branco. The county had in 2005 a total of 11 085 inhabitants. Natural or inhabitant of Idanha-a-Nova is called idanhense. It has a Mediterranean climate with continental influences, and the very hot summers, with temperatures around 30 ° C, and pretty cold winters, registering a high ATA (Annual temperature range).

The river system, there is the passage of Ponsul River in which lies the Idanha dam, 54 meters high, in operation since 1948. The buildings extends from hillside to the meadow area where They stand out some hills, such as João Nunes, Penha Garcia and Mrs. Almortão. History and Monuments There are numerous throughout the county prehistoric occupation remains such as dolmens and menhirs.

The Romans had an important influence, particularly in the parishes of Monsanto, Idanha-a-Velha and Ladoeiro and the plains of Idanha-a-Nova, where there was a Roman villa, marked a mosaic discovered. After the fall of the Roman Empire dominated the Swabians and Visigoths, and this time the creation of the famous diocese of Egitânia. In 1187, it was built a castle by Gualdim Pais and in 1510 D. Manuel granted it a charter. In architectural heritage, there is the Egitânia, an archaeological season 534, which was one of the most important cities of Lusitania and there are still sections of the Roman roads and the Romanesque bridge, built over the river Ponsul. Note also the castle, from 1187, built by Gualdim parents, the mother church of the XVI century, which has three naves, has a porch of Renaissance and a paneled vault in the chancel, the Mercy Church and the Chapel the Almortão Lady, built where have appeared an image of a saint and that is place of pilgrimage, held on the second Sunday of May.

There are still in the county several emblazoned houses. Traditions, Legends and Curiosities popular and cultural events in the county are diverse, most notably the feast of Our Lady of Grace, which is seven days after the Almortão Lady; the feast of the village in August; the feast of St. Dominic, eight days after Easter; the feast of Our Lady of Mercy, from 7 to 9 September; and Our Lady of the Conception, December 8.

It is to highlight the feast of Our Lady of Almortão held 15 days after Easter, which is the most important festival in the neighborhood and there is a legend around the image of Mary. Who have appeared one day a myrtle bush. When people found collected in and took her to the Church of Monsanto, but this disappeared several times and always appeared in the place where had appeared for the first time. So it was built a chapel on that site so that the image never disappeared. Handicrafts are typical the tambourines, basketry in wicker, the bobbins, lace and embroidery.

As cultural facilities, there is the Cultural Center of Idanha and the Municipal Library. Economy In the municipality of Idanha-a-Nova dominates the tertiary sector (about 55.4% of all companies based in the county). This sector has a great importance in village and county seat. Contrary to the district trend, the primary sector still has a great importance in Idanha economy, the percentage of companies based in this sector (22.3%) higher than the secondary sector (20.5%).

The county agricultural area covers 94,134 ha, being the main cultures the olive grove, the family garden, grass crops, forage crops, citrus fruits, vines and cereals for grain. It will also be reference to forestry is a very important activity for the local economy. In livestock, there is the poultry, including laying and breeding chickens, sheep and horses.

Source: Infopédia –

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